Esse Est Percipi
"To be is to be perceived"
PARTING WAYS OF PARTITION
On the verge of the partition taking place the second day of the Lord Mountbatten Plan committee continued to discuss the specifics of the partition.
The session started with M.K.Gandhi expressing his belief that a cabinet mission would be the best option as it would promote unity and a peaceful nation could be established. But a very good point was stated by Jagjivan Ram that the partition of the two nations lead to many problems such as in the economy and society. Also, Jawaharlal Nehru said that partition would lead to many individuals being scarred for life, as though the riots were not enough.
Coming to the topic of religious differences, Abdur Nishtar said that Islam stands for justice and openly criticized Hinduism. It was a common thought that the partition should take place on religious basis but in the end of the session there was a change in the point of view and it was decided to be done on a geographical basis.
Jawaharlal Nehru proposed a party meeting after which the Indian National Congress and the All India Muslim league came out with two documents. Sardar Patel briefed the committee on the Indian National Congress’ document. He said that they wished to have a temporary government till the time the constitution is drafted and expect no internal or external interference by the British. They also proposed a community government to safeguard religious rights.
Later, Abdur Nishtar proposed the document by the All India Muslim league. He said that they want Kashmir, Baluchistan, Bengal and Assam which have a majority of Muslims and as it is that Hindustan will still have three-fourth of the British India. Also, Jinnah said that no religious discrimination will be tolerated in the new Islamic state if it is formed. Amrit Kaur rightly pointed out that it would be difficult for Jinnah to arrange the funds, just in case if his demand for partition were fulfilled.
As the last sessions started, a surprising event took place; the partition did not take place!!! Instead a coalition took place where princely states were given autonomy. The session ended with the main concern being the butter chicken at night rather than the transfer of power. 😉
LEFT OVER JUDGEMENTS
The second day of the committee started with the President giving out the judgment format after which every advocate and judge was involved in the case and doing their research. There was nervousness and excitement in the air as the judgment for the first case was going to be passed. A voting procedure took place where the jury had to decide who had won the case.
The second round of the discussion started with the judges enquiring further about the case. A total time of 30 minutes was given to the judges for their questions. The judge of India asked the advocate of USA whether USA was making an alternative strategy to collaborate with Iran. The advocate of USA countered the same by saying that USA has tried to make alliances with the President of Iran many times before but has always failed to do so. Russia took the stage questioning the advocate of the USA confirming whether the executive order 13599 and the stopping of oil trade between Iran and USA was a move to attack the Iranian economy.
The closing statement made by Iran stated that the country had time and again proved that the US has violated the treaty and also the spirit of UN which was to promote mutual relations. The advocate of Iran also stated that this had created bigger problems for Iran by leading to an increase in poverty and also violating the spirit of humanity. The USA in return stated in its closing statement that they had not violated any laws and that Iran was using the treaty of Amity to lift sanctions.
The second session of the committee started with the advocate of Qatar and UAE taking their oaths. The agenda at hand was the violation of International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination. The advocate of UAE and Qatar gave their opening statements after which the judge of Slovakia asked UAE and Qatar for evidence about the certain claims made by each of the advocates. The advocate of UAE was unaware of the sources she had used for her information and research.
The third session of the committee started with the judges giving out their judgments. Most of the judges were in favor of Qatar. According to most of them, the UAE government was biased against the Qataris and did not give them proper medical attention and education. They have also blockaded the international trade of Qatar to harm its economy. Qatar filed a case in The International Court of Justice accusing UAE of these issues. In their defense UAE states that they are not discriminating on any grounds.
UAE believed that its bans on Qatar are justified and also said that terrorists reside in Qatar. Qatar wants no Qatari to be banned by UAE but UAE claims that it banned Qatari people to secure their country from terrorist activities. UAE believed that prevention is better than cure. So, it prevents the terrorists from Qatar to attack their country. On the other hand, Qatar questioned UAE by saying why their people weren’t given proper rights and time to fix their affairs. While all of this was going on, Uganda asked for evidence of sleeper cells of terrorists in Qatar. UAE believes that Qatari nationals outside UAE would feel even more discriminated if some Qataris were allowed in the county. UAE was ready to give its closing statement, but Qatar was unprepared. The committee ended with Qatar giving the closing statement followed by the closing statement of UAE.
UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL
The second day of the HRC started with the previous day’s GSL. The first to speak was the delegate of Rwanda who spoke about how the journalists were harassed and were exposed to violence all over the globe. He also briefed the committee about the topic of discussion for the day. This was followed by the delegate of Australia who spoke about Australia’s contribution to the world in providing aid to journalists and its contribution in helping them in target zones. The delegate also proposed that the countries should have stricter treaties. The delegate of China initiated and took the lead in the race by starting his GSL. The delegate put up points about the Geneva Convention and the protocols. He added the radical agendas of the governments and urged other member-states to create more awareness amongst journalists. The delegate also added that the NGOs and organizations such as the Red Cross should step in to help the journalists out. The next delegate who tried to take a lead in the committee was none other than the delegate of UK. This marked the beginning of a heated argument between both the countries.UK questioned China about how the country would enforce better laws in the conflict and target zones. The delegate of Peru questioned the delegate of China repeatedly about the detention of journalists in China. Let us hope Peru understood what China was trying to convey since he repeated the same question four times. The EB also questioned the delegate of China and tried opposing him but the delegate of China successfully crossed all the obstacles. The delegate of UAE spoke about the journalists misinforming the public, which compromises national security. The delegate of Philippines started catching up with the others by elaborating upon its country’s contribution in the field of security for the humanitarian workers and journalists. The delegate of Pakistan mentioned that his country has started to take care of the protection of the rights of journalists.
I hope the delegate of Germany drew out her sleeping plans well
The second session passed in deciding the working paper and solutions were proposed by various delegates.
Today’s session was very interactive and all delegates actively participated in the discussion.
IS IT A WAR OR A STRIKE?
The second day of the Historic United Nations Security Council kicked off by the delegates completing the order of GSLs decided yesterday. The delegate of Bulgaria took the opening stage and confirmed his stand that Iraq does support terrorist camps. Only military intervention can help in keeping civilian casualties to the minimum. There is no need to create a war, based on religious grounds. Every delegate seemed to be paying more attention than yesterday and actively taking part. Our deepest condolences are with Guinea who fell sick in the middle and couldn’t participate. Pakistan got recognized in the POI for Bulgaria and asked whether a military intervention could worsen the situation. UK spoke next asking as to how actually we could solve the problem at hand only repeating the question every other delegate asked. Syria then asked UK to specify as to what the ultimatums were given to Saddam since he had highlighted the ultimatums so much.
Chile spoke next supporting the idea of regime change in Iraq and said that an interim government needed to be established. Spain then spoke targeting the idea of an interim government asking as to how that could be an ideal choice to achieve an independent and sovereign Iraq. Chile then also suggested that the United Nations should deploy the peace keeping forces. Russia opened its account for the day by saying that war was not what the Russian federation desired. In specific the delegate did not want a war between states. Spain attacked Russia by saying that in these two days the Russian federation had changed its stand three times. This got everyone tapping. What baffled everyone else was Russia’s response to reach a resolution whereby they could change their stand as many times as they wanted to.
After a brief informal session it was decided that the committee should have humanitarian and international situations as their topic of discussion. The committee finally moved on to its first crisis. Briefing on crisis was given- on as to how Saddam Hussein asked all UN officials to move out of Iraq and he also stated that he would burn his own country’s nuclear sites. This led to the start of a provisional speakers list. Most countries spoke on as to how it was important for Saddam Hussein to be removed as soon as possible. It was concluded that UN forces needed to intervene. The next crisis the committee moved on to was that the United States and Russia were rumored to be funding terrorist activities in Iraq
During the informal session, before the committee, Spain mentioned that all the money paid to Iraqi suicide bombers was in American dollars. The delegate of USA replied to this attack by saying that Saddam could’ve obtained all that money in various indirect methods. The main aim of the committee became a blame game right until the end. Finally, the committee was adjourned for the day by all delegates having an informal session and discussion on the above crisis.
CHATTERING ABOUT THE CHARTER
The second day of extensive debate and discussion was started by the delegate of Qatar telling the committee how it is funding UN by its natural gas sales. The delegate of Brazil felt and spoke highly about the fact that the peace-making policies have not been executed properly in real sense and suggested her views on peace seeking operations. While other countries were engrossed in debate and discussion, the delegate of Japan was busy texting. The delegate of Germany addressed the committee on the social and economic problems and wanted to be a permanent member in the UNSC. On that, the delegate of Luxembourg questioned the delegate of Germany that how their becoming a permanent member would help the UN. To this the delegate countered by saying that it would provide more opinions. The delegate of Russia wanted to move into a moderated caucus and discuss the loopholes in the UN charter and this motion won with full majority. Thereafter, the delegate of Switzerland expressed his concern on the gender discrimination and human trafficking issues in its country and how it has been working with other countries to solve these issues. The delegate of USA felt that it is important to improve the definition of terrorism. The delegate of Bangladesh agreed with USA about how there should be actions taken against terrorism. The delegate of Bolivia put forward that the country is struggling in making peace. And with this the first session was adjourned. The second session started at 11.30 a.m. with the EB asking if there was a motion on the floor. The delegate of Russian Federation raised a motion to review the articles. First speaker, the delegate of Russia stated that there was a loophole in article 4 as the meaning of the word threat was not defined properly. The delegate of Iran suggested that the word threat should be replaced but was silent as to which word to be used. The delegate of Qatar spoke about the loopholes of article 1 and suggested that physical attack and bomb makers should have different punishments. India spoke about definition of armed attack. The next motion which was raised by the delegate of Syria was to review the article 41 and 42. Syria being the first speaker stated the problems in the UN charter. The delegate of South Korea discussed his other observations in article 42. Brazil had a strong point which stated that no other country should intervene in the internal matters of another country. The next motion on the floor was about the discussion of article 39 to 32 by DPRK. Switzerland suggested that all countries should be given equal opportunities though the Executive Board pointed out that the delegate did not give any measures to amendments. The delegate of Indonesia was meditating all through this and the delegate of Japan could not answer the questions by the EB. Hungry delegates and executive board members proceeded for the lunch and the second session was adjourned.
The third session was started with an unmoderated caucus which was further extended. The GSL was started by the delegate of Peru who mentioned that nuclear disarmament is a must. After the GSL Syria raised a motion to suspend the formal debate and move into an informal debate. After a long informal discussion, the delegate of UK raised a motion to suspend the formal debate and review the funds utilization and contribution of other states. The motion was passed with full majority and Luxembourg, Bangladesh and Greece spoke on a motion on the floor. With this the EB adjourned the session and that ended the day with delegates looking forward to the dinner and dance ahead.